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PostPosted: Wed Sep 27, 2006 1:52 am 
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Joined: Tue Oct 29, 2002 12:41 pm
Posts: 13702
Location: Billy, the mountain...
Feliz Aniversário Space Bro., nice avatar BTW...

_________________________________________

Besides Space Bro.'s birthday here we have for September the 27th:

Events

* 489 - Odoacer attacks Theodoric at the Battle of Verona, and is defeated again.
* 1331 - the Battle of Plowce between the Kingdom of Poland and the Teutonic Order took place.
* 1540 - The Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) receives its charter from Pope Paul III.
* 1590 - Pope Urban VII dies 13 days after being chosen as the Pope, making his reign the shortest papacy in history.
* 1605 - The armies of Sweden are utterly defeated by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm
* 1787 - The United States Constitution is delivered to the states for ratification.
* 1821 - Mexico gains its independence from Spain.
* 1822 - Jean-François Champollion announces that he has deciphered the Rosetta stone.
* 1825 - The Stockton and Darlington Railway opens, and begins operation of the world's first service of locomotive-hauled passenger trains.
* 1854 - The steamship Arctic sinks with 300 people on board. This marks the first great disaster in the Atlantic Ocean.
* 1903 - Wreck of the Old 97, a train crash made famous by the song of the same name.
* 1905 - Albert Einstein publishes the paper "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?" in Annalen der Physik. This paper revealed the relationship between energy and mass.
* 1922 - King Constantine I of Greece abdicates his throne in favor of his eldest son, King George II.
* 1928 - The Republic of China is recognized by the United States.
* 1937 - Last Balinese Tiger killed.
* 1938 - Ocean liner Queen Elizabeth launched in Glasgow.
* 1940 - The Tripartite Pact is signed in Berlin by Germany, Japan and Italy.
* 1941 - The SS Patrick Henry is launched becoming the first of more than 2,700 Liberty ships.
* 1942 - Glenn Miller and his Orchestra perform for the last time before Miller enters the US Army.
* 1949 - The first Plenary Session of the National People's Congress approves the design of the Flag of the People's Republic of China.
* 1953 - TV Record, Brazilian TV Network, debuts.
* 1954 - The nationwide debut of Tonight! (The Tonight Show) hosted by Steve Allen on NBC.
* 1959 - Nearly 5000 people die on the main Japanese island of Honshu as the result of a typhoon.
* 1964 - The Warren Commission releases its report, concluding that Lee Harvey Oswald, acting alone, assassinated President John F. Kennedy.
* 1968 - The stage musical Hair opened at the Shaftesbury Theatre in London, where it played 1,998 performances until its closure was forced by the roof's collapsing in July 1973.
* 1977 - The 300 metre tall CKVR-TV transmission tower in Barrie, Ontario, Canada is hit by a light aircraft in a fog, causing it to collapse. All aboard the aircraft are killed.
* 1979 - The United States Department of Education receives final approval from the U.S. Congress to become the 13th US Cabinet agency.
* 1980 - Marvin Hagler defeats Alan Minter to claim boxing's world Middleweight championship in London. They have to be escorted away by police after a riot forms.
* 1983 - Richard Stallman announces the GNU project to develop a free Unix-like operating system.
* 1985 - Hurricane Gloria hits Long Island, New York.
* 1988 - The National League for Democracy, led by Aung San Suu Kyi is founded.
* 1995 - The Government of the United States unveils the first of its redesigned bank notes with the $100 bill featuring a larger portrait of Benjamin Franklin slightly off-center.
* 1996 - In Afghanistan, the Taliban capture the capital city Kabul after driving out President Burhanuddin Rabbani and executing former leader Mohammad Najibullah.
* 1997 - Communications are suddenly lost with the Mars Pathfinder space probe.
* 1998 - Google is established
* 1999 - The last professional baseball game is played at historic Tiger Stadium in Detroit, Michigan.
* 2002 - Timor-Leste (East Timor) joins the United Nations.
* 2003 - Smart 1 satellite is launched.

[edit]

Births

* 1275 - John II of Brabant (d. 1312)
* 1389 - Cosimo de Medici, ruler of Florence (d. 1464)
* 1601 - King Louis XIII of France (d. 1643)
* 1627 - Jacques Benigne Bossuet, French bishop (d. 1704)
* 1643 - Solomon Stoddard, American Puritan clergyman
* 1696 - Alphonsus Liguori, Italian founder of the Redemptionist order (d. 1787)
* 1719 - Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician (d. 1800)
* 1722 - Samuel Adams, American revolutionary leader (d. 1803)
* 1729 - Michael Denis, Austrian poet (d. 1800)
* 1803 - Samuel Francis du Pont, American admiral (d. 1865)
* 1805 - George Müller, Prussian orphanage builder (d. 1898)
* 1818 - Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe, German chemist (d. 1884)
* 1821 - Henri Frederic Amiel, Swiss writer (d. 1881)
* 1824 - William "Bull" Nelson, American Civil War general (d. 1862)
* 1830 - William Babcock Hazen, American Civil War general (d. 1887)
* 1840 - Thomas Nast, German-born political cartoonist (d. 1902)
* 1842 - Alphonse Francois Renard, Belgian geologist (d. 1903)
* 1843 - Gaston Tarry, French mathematician (d. 1913)
* 1866 - Eurosia Fabris, Italian Catholic Blessed (d. 1932)
* 1871 - Grazia Deledda, Italian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1936)
* 1879 - Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician (d. 1934)
* 1879 - Cyril Scott, English composer (d. 1970)
* 1885 - Harry Blackstone, Sr., American magician (d. 1965)
* 1894 - Lothar von Richthofen German pilot (d. 1922)
* 1896 - Sam Ervin, American politician (d. 1985)
* 1898 - Vincent Youmans, American composer and producer (b. 1946)
* 1906 - William Empson, British poet (d. 1984)
* 1906 - Jim Thompson, American author (d. 1977)
* 1907 - Maurice Blanchot, French philosopher (d. 2003)
* 1907 - Bhagat Singh, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1931)
* 1913 - Albert Ellis, American psychologist
* 1918 - Martin Ryle, English radio astronomer, Nobel laureate (d. 1984)
* 1919 - James H. Wilkinson, American mathematician (d. 1986)
* 1920 - William Conrad, American actor (d. 1994)
* 1920 - Jayne Meadows, American actress
* 1922 - Carl Ballantine, American actor
* 1922 - Arthur Penn, American director
* 1924 - Bernard Waber, American author
* 1924 - Fred Singer, American scientist
* 1924 - Bud Powell, American jazz pianist (d. 1966)
* 1927 - Romano Scarpa, Italian comic book artist
* 1927 - Steve Stavro, Canadian businessman (d. 2006)
* 1931 - Freddy Quinn, Austrian singer
* 1932 - Roger C. Carmel, American actor (d. 1986)
* 1932 - Michael Colvin, Canadian singer
* 1932 - Oliver E. Williamson, American economist
* 1933 - Will Sampson, American actor (d. 1987)
* 1933 - Greg Morris, American television and movie actor (d. 1996)
* 1934 - Wilford Brimley, American actor
* 1934 - Claude Jarman Jr., American actor
* 1934 - Dick Schaap, American sports reporter (d. 2001)
* 1936 - Don Cornelius, American television host
* 1936 - Gordon Honeycombe, British playwright
* 1939 - Kathy Whitworth, American golfer
* 1941 - Serge Ménard, Québécois politician
* 1942 - Dith Pran, Cambodian-born photojournalist
* 1942 - Alvin Stardust, English singer
* 1943 - Randy Bachman, Canadian musician
* 1945 - Jack Goldstein, Canadian-born artist (d. 2003)
* 1946 - Robin Nedwell, English comedy actor (d. 1999)
* 1947 - Barbara Dickson, Scottish singer
* 1947 - Meat Loaf, American singer
* 1948 - Michele Dotrice, English actor
* 1948 - A. Martinez, American actor
* 1948 - Tom Braidwood, Canadian actor
* 1949 - Graham Richardson, Australian politician
* 1949 - Mike Schmidt, baseball player
* 1949 - Jahn Teigen, Norwegian singer
* 1951 - Jim Shooter, American comic book writer
* 1951 - Paul Craig, British law professor
* 1951 - Michel Rivard, Québécois singer and composer (Beau Dommage)
* 1952 - Dumitru Prunariu, Romanian cosmonaut
* 1952 - André Viger, French Canadian marathoner
* 1953 - Diane Julie Abbott, British politician
* 1953 - Mick Wagner, American monologist
* 1953 - Mata Amritanandamayi, Indian religious leader
* 1958 - Shaun Cassidy, American singer
* 1961 - Irvine Welsh, Scottish writer
* 1961 - Andy Lau, Hong Kong actor
* 1965 - Steve Kerr, Lebanese-born basketball player
* 1965 - Peter MacKay, Canadian political leader
* 1965 - Alexis Stewart, American radio personality
* 1965 - Bernard Lord, Canadian politician, premier of New Brunswick
* 1966 - Lorenzo Cherubini, Italian singer Jovanotti
* 1971 - Li Yapeng, Chinese actor
* 1972 - Sylvia Crawley, American basketball player
* 1972 - Clara Hughes, Canadian cyclist
* 1972 - Gwyneth Paltrow, American actress
* 1976 - Francesco Totti, Italian footballer
* 1977 - Andrus Värnik, Estonian javelin thrower
* 1978 - Brad Arnold, American singer (3 Doors Down)
* 1978 - Jon Rauch, American baseball player
* 1981 - Lakshmipathy Balaji, Indian cricketer
* 1981 - Brendon McCullum, New Zealand cricketer
* 1982 - Lil Wayne, American rapper
* 1984 - Avril Lavigne, Canadian singer
* 1984 - Paul Bevan, Australian football player
* 1985 - Jamar Butler, American basketball player

[edit]

Deaths

* 1249 - Count Raymond VII of Toulouse (b. 1197)
* 1304 - John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey, English soldier
* 1404 - William of Wykeham, English bishop (b. 1320)
* 1557 - Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (b. 1497)
* 1590 - Pope Urban VII (b. 1521)
* 1651 - Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria (b. 1573)
* 1660 - Vincent de Paul, French saint (b. 1580)
* 1700 - Pope Innocent XII (b. 1615)
* 1719 - George Smalridge, English Bishop of Bristol (b. 1662)
* 1730 - Laurence Eusden, English poet (b. 1688)
* 1735 - Peter Artedi, Swedish naturalist (b. 1705)
* 1737 - John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester, English privy councillor (b. 1680)
* 1742 - Hugh Boulter, Irish Archbishop of Armagh (b. 1672)
* 1783 - Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (b. 1730)
* 1832 - Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher (b. 1781)
* 1876 - Braxton Bragg, American Confederate general (b. 1817)
* 1891 - Ivan Goncharov, Russian author (b. 1812)
* 1911 - Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist (b. 184)
* 1917 - Edgar Degas, French painter (b. 1834)
* 1921 - Engelbert Humperdinck, German composer (b. 1854)
* 1940 - Walter Benjamin, German philosopher (b. 1892)
* 1940 - Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)
* 1944 - Aimee Semple McPherson, American evangelist (b. 1890)
* 1956 - Gerald Finzi, English composer (b. 1901)
* 1956 - Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American athlete (b. 1911)
* 1960 - Sylvia Pankhurst, English suffragette (b. 1882)
* 1965 - Clara Bow, American actress (b. 1905)
* 1967 - Prince Felix Yussupov, Russian assassin of Rasputin (b. 1887)
* 1972 - S. R. Ranganathan, Indian mathematician (b. 1892)
* 1975 - Jack Lang, Australian politician (b. 1876)
* 1979 - Dame Gracie Fields, British comedian (b. 1898)
* 1981 - Robert Montgomery, American actor (b. 1904)
* 1985 - Lloyd Nolan, American actor (b. 1902)
* 1986 - Cliff Burton, American musician (Metallica) (b. 1962) [20 yrs w/o Cliff!]
* 1991 - Oona O'Neill, daughter of playwright Eugene O'Neill and 4th wife of Charlie Chaplin (b. 1926)
* 1993 - Jimmy Doolittle, American general (b. 1896)
* 1996 - Mohammad Najibullah, President of Afghanistan (b. 1947)
* 1997 - Walter Trampler, American violist (b. 1915)
* 1998 - Narita Bryan, Japanese racehorse (b. 1991)
* 1998 - Doak Walker, American footballer (b. 1927)
* 2003 - Donald O'Connor, American actor (b. 1925)
* 2005 - Ronald Golias, Brazilian comedian (b. 1929)

[edit]

Holidays and observances

* RC Saints - Saint Vincent de Paul
* Ethiopian Orthodox Church - Meskel
* Also see September 27 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
* Bahá'í Faith - Feast of Mashíyyat (Will) - First day of the eleventh month of the Bahá'í calendar
* Belgium - French Community Day
* To Live Is To Die Day
* French Republican Calendar - Balsamine (Impatiens) Day, sixth day in the Month of Vendémiaire
* World Tourism Day

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/September_27

_________________
The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true Art and Science. - Albert Einstein

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PostPosted: Wed Sep 27, 2006 11:13 pm 
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Joined: Thu Sep 07, 2006 10:27 pm
Posts: 5745
Location: echoing through the canyons of your mind
Thanks Aspy & Mr. Green Genes,

Just got back from a Mike Keneally & Brian Beller Taylor Guitar Clinic. I'll post a review soon.

Thanks again! 8)


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PostPosted: Thu Sep 28, 2006 1:43 am 
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Joined: Tue Oct 29, 2002 12:41 pm
Posts: 13702
Location: Billy, the mountain...
Events

* 48 BC - Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt (may have occurred September 29, records unclear).
* 351 - Battle of Mursa Major: the Roman Emperor Constantius II defeats the usurper Magnentius.
* 365 - Roman usurper Procopius bribes two legions passing by Constantinople, and proclaims himself Roman emperor.
* 935 - Saint Wenceslas is murdered by his brother, Boleslav I of Bohemia.
* 995 - Members of Slavník's dynasty - Spytimír, Pobraslav, Pořej and Čáslav are murdered by Boleslaus's son, Boleslaus II the Pious
* 1066 - William the Conqueror invades England: the Norman Conquest begins.
* 1106 - The Battle of Tinchebrai - Henry I of England defeats his brother, Robert Curthose.
* 1322 - Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Frederick I of Austria in the Battle of Mühldorf.
* 1448 - Christian I is crowned king of Denmark.
* 1542 - Navigator Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo of Portugal arrives as what is now San Diego, California, United States.
* 1708 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya.
* 1779 - American Revolution: Samuel Huntington is elected President of the Continental Congress, succeeding John Jay.
* 1781 - American forces backed by a French fleet begin the siege of Yorktown, Virginia, during the American Revolutionary War.
* 1787 - The newly completed United States Constitution is voted on by the U.S. Congress to be sent to the State legislatures for approval.
* 1820 - The tomato is publicly proven safe when Robert Johnson eats a bushel (24 kg) of tomatoes in Salem, Massachusetts.
* 1823 - Leo XII is elected pope.
* 1844 - Oscar I of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden.
* 1867 - Toronto becomes the capital of Ontario.
* 1867 - The United States takes control of Midway Island.
* 1868 - Battle of Alcolea causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France.
* 1871 - Brazil passes law freeing future children of slaves.
* 1928 - UK passed Dangerous Drugs Act (1925) - outlawing cannabis.
* 1939 - Germany and the Soviet Union agree on a division of Poland after their invasion during World War II.
* 1939 - Warsaw surrenders to Nazi Germany during World War II.
* 1944 - Battle of Arnhem - Germans defeat British airborne at Arnhem, Netherlands.
* 1944 - Soviet Army troops liberate Klooga concentration camp in Klooga, Estonia.
* 1958 - France ratifies a new Constitution of France; the French Fifth Republic is then formed upon the formal adoption of the new constitution on October 4. Guinea rejects the new constitution, voting for independence instead.
* 1961 - A military coup in Damascus effectively ends the United Arab Republic, the union between Egypt and Syria.
* 1962 - Paddington tram depot fire destroys 65 trams in Brisbane,Australia
* 1971 - UK Misuse of Drugs Act: medicinal cannabis is banned.
* 1972 - Paul Henderson scores The Goal to win the Canada/USSR (ice hockey) "Summit Series".
* 1973 - ITT Building in New York City bombed to protest ITT's involvement in the September 11 1973 coup d'état in Chile.
* 1976 - R&B singer Stevie Wonder releases the classic double album Songs in the Key of Life.
* 1987 - Encounter at Farpoint, the first episode of TV show Star Trek: The Next Generation airs.
* 1994 - The car ferry MS Estonia sinks in Baltic Sea, killing 852 people.
* 1995 - Bob Denard and a group of mercenaries take the islands of Comoros in a coup.
* 2000 - The Al-Aqsa Intifada begins after the visit of Ariel Sharon to the Al-Aqsa Mosque.

[edit]

Births

* 551 BC - Confucius, Chinese philosopher (d. 479 BC)
* 58 BC - Livia Drusilla, wife of the Roman emperor Caesar Augustus (d. 29)
* 1493 - Agnolo Firenzuola, Italian poet
* 1573 - Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, Italian artist (d. 1610)
* 1605 - Ismael Bullialdus, French astronomer (d. 1694)
* 1667 - Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord (d. 1701)
* 1681 - Johann Mattheson, German composer (d. 1764)
* 1705 - Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English statesman (d. 1774)
* 1746 - Sir William Jones, English philologist (d. 1794)
* 1803 - Prosper Mérimée, French author (d. 1870)
* 1821 - Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American politician (d. 1874)
* 1823 - Alexandre Cabanel, French painter (d. 1889)
* 1824 - Francis Turner Palgrave, British critic and poet (d. 1897)
* 1841 - Georges Clemenceau, French politician (d. 1929)
* 1852 - Henri Moissan, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1907)
* 1856 - Kate Douglas Wiggin, American children's author (d. 1923)
* 1867 - Kiichiro Hiranuma, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1952)
* 1881 - Pedro de Cordoba, American actor (d. 1950)
* 1887 - Avery Brundage, American athlete and sports official (d. 1975)
* 1889 - Jack Fournier, baseball player (d. 1973)
* 1891 - Myrtle Gonzalez, American actress (d. 1918)
* 1901 - William S. Paley, American radio and television executive (d. 1990)
* 1901 - Ed Sullivan, American television show host (d. 1974)
* 1905 - Max Schmeling, German boxer (d. 2005)
* 1909 - Al Capp, American cartoonist (d. 1979)
* 1915 - Ethel Rosenberg, American spy (d. 1953)
* 1916 - Peter Finch, English-born actor (d. 1977)
* 1917 - Audree Wilson, mother of three founding members of The Beach Boys (d. 1997)
* 1923 - William Windom, American actor
* 1924 - Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor (d. 1996)
* 1925 - Seymour Cray, American computer scientist (d. 1996)
* 1925 - Arnold Stang, American actor
* 1926 - Jerry Clower, American comedian (d. 1998)
* 1929 - Lata Mangeshkar, Indian playback singer
* 1932 - Víctor Jara, Chilean folk singer, theatre director, and political activist (d. 1973)
* 1934 - Brigitte Bardot, French actress
* 1934 - Janet Munro, British actress (d. 1972)
* 1937 - Alice Mahon, English politician and labor leader
* 1937 - Rod Roddy, American television announcer (d. 2003)
* 1938 - Ben E. King, American singer and songwriter
* 1939 - Stuart Kauffman, American biologist
* 1941 - Edmund Stoiber, German politician
* 1942 - Marshall Bell, American actor
* 1942 - Pierre Clémenti, French actor (d. 1999)
* 1943 - Joel Higgins, American actor
* 1943 - J. T. Walsh, American actor (d. 1998)
* 1946 - Helen Shapiro, English singer
* 1946 - Jeffrey Jones, American actor
* 1947 - Bob Carr, Former Premier of New South Wales
* 1947 - Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister of Bangladesh
* 1950 - John Sayles, American director and screenwriter
* 1950 - Laurie Lewis, American musician
* 1952 - Sylvia Kristel, Dutch actress
* 1954 - Steve Largent, American football player and U.S. Congressman
* 1955 - Stéphane Dion, Canadian politician
* 1962 - Grant Fuhr, Canadian hockey player
* 1964 - Janeane Garofalo, American actress and comedian
* 1967 - Mira Sorvino, American actress
* 1967 - Moon Unit Zappa, American singer and actress
* 1968 - Mika Häkkinen, Finnish race car driver
* 1968 - Naomi Watts, English-born actress
* 1969 - Nico Vaesen, Belgian footballer
* 1969 - Mark Everett, former child actor, now fugitive
* 1969 - Éric Lapointe, Québécois singer
* 1970 - Mike DeJean, baseball player
* 1971 - Alan Wright, English footballer
* 1972 - Dita Von Teese, American burlesque artist
* 1973 - Jori Hulkkonen, Finnish electronic musician
* 1975 - Lenny Krayzelburg, American Swimmer
* 1977 - Se Ri Pak, Korean golfer
* 1978 - Bushido, German rapper
* 1979 - Bam Margera, American skateboarder
* 1981 - Jorge Guagua, Ecuadorian footballer
* 1982 - Emeka Okafor, American basketball player
* 1983 - Stefan Moore, English footballer
* 1984 - Ryan Zimmerman, Baseball player
* 1984 - Melody Thornton, American Singer (Pussycat Dolls)
* 1987 - Hilary Duff, American actress
* 1990 - Kirsten Prout, Canadian actress
* 1992 - Skye McCole Bartusiak, American actress

[edit]

Deaths

* 48 BC - Pompey, Roman general and politician (b. 106 BC)
* 235 - Saint Pontianus, Pope
* 876 - Louis the German, King of Eastern Francia (b. 804)
* 935 - Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia (b. 907)
* 1104 - Pedro I, king of Aragon and Navarre (b. 1068)
* 1197 - Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1165)
* 1429 - Cymburgis of Masovia, wife of Duke Ernest of Austria
* 1582 - George Buchanan, Scottish historian (b. 1506)
* 1618 - Joshua Sylvester, English poet (b. 1563)
* 1687 - Francis Turretin, Swiss theologian (b. 1623)
* 1694 - Gabriel Mouton, French scientist (b. 1618)
* 1702 - Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, English statesman (b. 1640)
* 1742 - Jean Baptiste Massillon, French churchman (b. 1663)
* 1781 - William Henry Nassau de Zuylestein, 4th Earl of Rochford, British diplomat and statesman (b. 1717)
* 1844 - Pyotr Aleksandrovich Tolstoy, Russian general and statesman (b. 1769)
* 1891 - Herman Melville, American novelist (b. 1819)
* 1895 - Louis Pasteur, French scientist (b. 1822)
* 1914 - Richard Sears, businessman (Sears, Roebuck and Company) (b. 1863)
* 1915 - Georgy Tovstonogov, Russian theatre director (d. 1989)
* 1915 - Saitou Hajime, 3rd squad leader of the Shinsengumi died under name of Goro Fujita (b. 1844)
* 1918 - Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1858)
* 1918 - Freddie Stowers, American soldier (b. 1896)
* 1935 - W.K. Dickson, Scottish inventor (b. 1860)
* 1953 - Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (b. 1889)
* 1959 - Rudolf Caracciola, German racecar driver (b. 1901)
* 1964 - Harpo Marx, American comedian and actor (b. 1888)
* 1966 - André Breton, French poet (b. 1896)
* 1970 - John Dos Passos, American novelist (b. 1896)
* 1970 - Gamal Abdal Nasser, the second President of Egypt (b. 1918)
* 1978 - Pope John Paul I (b. 1912)
* 1979 - John Herbert Chapman, Canadian physicist (b. 1921)
* 1981 - Rómulo Betancourt, President of Venezuela (b. 1908)
* 1982 - Mabel Albertson, American actress (b. 1901)
* 1988 - Charles Addams, American cartoonist (b. 1912)
* 1989 - Ferdinand Marcos, President of the Philippines (b. 1917)
* 1991 - Miles Davis, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1926)
* 1993 - Peter De Vries, American novelist (b. 1910)
* 1994 - José Francisco Ruiz Massieu, Mexican politician (assassinated) (b. 1946)
* 2000 - Pierre Elliott Trudeau, fifteenth Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1919)
* 2002 - Patsy T. Mink, U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1927)
* 2002 - Hartland Molson, Canadian businessman (Molson family), senator and sports executive (Montreal Canadiens) (b. 1907)
* 2003 - Althea Gibson, American tennis player (b. 1927)
* 2003 - Elia Kazan, Hungarian-born film director (b. 1909)
* 2003 - George Odlum, West Indian politician (b. 1934)
* 2004 - Geoffrey Beene, American fashion designer (b. 1927)
* 2004 - Scott Muni, American disc jockey (b. 1930)
* 2005 - Constance Baker Motley, American judge (b. 1921)

[edit]

Holidays and observances

* Feast day of the following RC Saints
o Leoba
o St. Wenceslas
o Lorenzo Ruiz
* Also see September 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
* Czech Republic - Czech Statehood Day
* Taiwan - Teacher's Day (Confucius' birthday)
* French Republican Calendar - Carotte (Carrot) Day, seventh day in the Month of Vendémiaire

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/September_28

More on this day:

1964: Kennedy murder was 'no conspiracy'
The Warren Commission concludes there was no conspiracy surrounding the assassination of President Kennedy and gunman Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone. [sounds familiar with recent events and other commisions...]

_________________
The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true Art and Science. - Albert Einstein

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PostPosted: Fri Sep 29, 2006 1:59 am 
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Joined: Tue Oct 29, 2002 12:41 pm
Posts: 13702
Location: Billy, the mountain...
Events

* 61 BC - Pompey the Great celebrates his third triumph, for victories over the pirates and the end of the Mithridatic Wars on his 45th birthday.
* 48 BC - Pompey the Great is assassinated after landing in Egypt on his 58th birthday (records are unclear, may have occured September 28).
* 855 - Pope Benedict III becomes pope.
* 1364 - Battle of Auray: English forces defeat French at Brittany; end of the Breton War of Succession
* 1567 - At a dinner, the Duke of Alba arrests the Count of Egmont and the Count of Horne for treason.
* 1650 - Henry Robinson opens his Office of Addresses and Encounters - the first historically documented dating service - in Threadneedle Street, London
* 1789 - The U.S. War Department first establishes a regular army with a strength of several hundred men.
* 1789 - The first U.S. Congress adjourns.
* 1829 - London's reorganized police force, the Metropolitan Police, becomes the first official police department in the world.
* 1850 - The Catholic hierarchy is re-established in England and Wales by Pope Pius IX.
* 1864 - American Civil War: The Battle of Chaffin's Farm is fought.
* 1907 - The cornerstone is laid at Washington National Cathedral in the U.S. capital.
* 1918 - The Hindenburg Line is broken by Allied forces during World War I.
* 1938 - Britain, France, Nazi Germany and Italy sign the Munich Agreement, allowing Germany to occupy the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.
* 1941 - The Babi Yar massacre begins.
* 1943 - U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign an armistice aboard the British ship Nelson off the shore of Malta.
* 1954 - The convention establishing CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) is signed.
* 1957 - 20 MCi (740 petabecquerels) of radioactive material is released in an explosion at the Soviet Mayak nuclear plant.
* 1962 - Alouette 1, the first Canadian satellite, is launched.
* 1963 - The second period of the Second Vatican Council opens.
* 1965 - The NSA memorial lists ten agents lost on this date.
* 1972 - Sino-Japanese relations: Japan establishes diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China after breaking official ties with the Republic of China.
* 1988 - NASA resumes space shuttle flights, grounded after the Challenger disaster.
* 1992 - Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello resigns.
* 1996 - Nintendo released the Nintendo 64 in North America.
* 2001 - The Syracuse Herald-Journal, a U.S. newspaper dating back to 1839, ceases publication.
* 2003 - Hurricane Juan makes landfall at Nova Scotia.
* 2004 - The asteroid 4179 Toutatis passes within four lunar distances of Earth.
* 2004 - The Burt Rutan Ansari X Prize entry SpaceShipOne performed a successful spaceflight, thereby halfway to winning the prize.
* 2005 - US Senate confirms John Roberts to be the next Chief Justice of the United States.

[edit]

Births

* 106 BC - Pompey the Great, consul of Rome, (d. 48 BC)
* 1321 - John of Artois, Count of Eu, French soldier (d. 1387)
* 1328 - Joan of Kent, wife of Edward, the Black Prince (d. 1385)
* 1388 - Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence, second son of Henry IV of England (d. 1421)
* 1511 - Michael Servetus, Spanish humanist (d. 1553)
* 1547 - Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish author (d. 1616)
* 1548 - William V, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1626)
* 1561 - Adriaan van Roomen, Flemish mathematician (d. 1615)
* 1636 - Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1715)
* 1639 - Lord William Russell, English politician (d. 1683)
* 1640 - Antoine Coysevox, French sculptor (d. 1720)
* 1678 - Adrien-Maurice, 3rd duc de Noailles, French soldier (d. 1766)
* 1691 - Richard Challoner, English Catholic prelate (d. 1781)
* 1703 - François Boucher, French painter (d. 1770)
* 1725 - Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, British general and statesman (d. 1774)
* 1758 - Horatio Nelson, British admiral (d. 1805)
* 1786 - Guadalupe Victoria, first President of Mexico (d. 1843)
* 1803 - Jacques Charles François Sturm, French mathematician (d. 1850)
* 1810 - Elizabeth Gaskell, British novelist (d. 1865)
* 1842 - Louis J. Weichmann, chief witness in the trial of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1902)
* 1843 - Mikhail Skobelev, Russian general (d. 1882)
* 1864 - Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish writer and philosopher (d. 1936)
* 1895 - J.B. Rhine, American parapsychologist (d. 1980).
* 1901 - Enrico Fermi, Italian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1954)
* 1901 - Lanza del Vasto, Italian philosopher, poet, and activist (d. 1981)
* 1904 - Greer Garson, British actress (d. 1996)
* 1907 - Gene Autry, American actor, singer, and businessman (d. 1998)
* 1908 - Eddie Tolan, American athlete (d. 1967)
* 1910 - Virginia Bruce, American actress (d. 1982)
* 1912 - Michelangelo Antonioni, Italian film director
* 1913 - Trevor Howard, English actor (d. 1988)
* 1913 - Stanley Kramer, American film director (d. 2001)
* 1920 - Peter D. Mitchell, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
* 1922 - Lizabeth Scott, American actress
* 1924 - Steve Forrest, American actor
* 1930 - Colin Dexter, British author of Inspector Morse novels
* 1931 - James Watson Cronin, American nuclear physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
* 1931 - Anita Ekberg, Swedish actress
* 1934 - Lance Gibbs, West Indian cricketer
* 1935 - Jerry Lee Lewis, American musician
* 1936 - Silvio Berlusconi, Italian politician, leader of Forza Italia and former Prime Minister of Italy
* 1938 - Wim Kok, Prime Minister of the Netherlands
* 1939 - Tommy Boyce, songwriter, Boyce and Hart, The Monkees
* 1939 - Molly Haskell, American film critic
* 1939 - Larry Linville, American actor (d. 2000)
* 1940 - Nicola Di Bari, Italian singer
* 1941 - Fred West, British serial killer
* 1942 - Madeline Kahn, American actress (d. 1999)
* 1942 - Bill Nelson, U.S. Senator from Florida
* 1942 - Ian McShane, British actor
* 1942 - Jean-Luc Ponty, French jazz violinist
* 1942 - Felice Gimondi, Italian cyclist
* 1943 - Lech Wałęsa, President of Poland, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
* 1944 - Mike Post, American composer
* 1948 - Bryant Gumbel, American television personality
* 1948 - Mark Farner, American guitarist Grand Funk, singer and songwriter.
* 1951 - Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile
* 1951 - Andrés Caicedo, Colombian writer (d. 1977)
* 1951 - Maureen Caird, Australian hurdler
* 1951 - Mike Enriquez, Philippine broadcaster
* 1952 - Max Sandlin, American politician
* 1953 - Warren Cromartie, Major League Baseball player
* 1956 - Sebastian Coe, British athlete
* 1957 - Andrew Dice Clay, American comedian and actor
* 1961 - Stephanie Miller, American comedian and liberal talk show host
* 1962 - Roger Bart, American actor
* 1963 - Dave Andreychuk, Canadian hockey player
* 1963 - Les Claypool, American bassist (Primus)
* 1966 - Jill Whelan, American actress
* 1967 - Brett Anderson, British musician/singer (Suede,The Tears)
* 1968 - Patrick Burns, American television presenter
* 1969 - Erika Eleniak, American actress and Playboy Playmate
* 1970 - Emily Lloyd, British actress
* 1971 - Sibel Tüzün, Turkish singer
* 1972 - Robert Webb, British actor, comedian, and writer.
* 1974 - Brian Ash, American screenwriter and producer.
* 1976 - Andriy Shevchenko, Ukrainian football player
* 1976 - Darren Byfield, English football player
* 1976 - Oscar Sevilla, Spanish cyclist
* 1977 - Debelah Morgan, American R&B coloratura soprano.
* 1978 - Kurt Nilsen, Norwegian singer
* 1978 - Mohini Bhardwaj, American gymnast
* 1978 - Gunner McGrath, American vocalist and guitarist (Much The Same)
* 1979 - Beau Zimmer, telejournalist
* 1981 - Siarhei Rutenka, Belarusian handball player
* 1982 - Rob Smith Irish musician and singer/songwriter
* 1982 - Ariana Jollee, American porn actress and director
* 1984 - Per Mertesacker, German football player
* 1986 - Benoit Pouliot, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1989 - Sebastian Elmaloglou, Australian soap actor

[edit]

Deaths

* 48 BC - Pompey the Great, consul of Rome (b. 106 BC)
* 1364 - Charles, Duke of Brittany
* 1560 - King Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1496)
* 1637 - Lorenzo Ruiz, Filipino saint
* 1642 - René Goupil, French Catholic missionary, one of Canadian Martyrs (b. 1608)
* 1703 - Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier (b. 1610)
* 1800 - Michael Denis, Austrian poet (b. 1729)
* 1804 - Michael Hillegas, first Treasurer of the United States (b. 1728)
* 1833 - King Ferdinand VII of Spain (b. 1784)
* 1887 - Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (b. 1810)\
* 1889 - Louis Faidherbe, French general (b. 1818)
* 1902 - William Topaz McGonagall, British poet (b. 1825)
* 1902 - Émile Zola, French writer (b. 1840)
* 1908 - Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, Brazilian writer (b. 1839)
* 1925 - Léon Bourgeois, French statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1851)
* 1927 - Willem Einthoven, Dutch inventor, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1860)
* 1930 - Ilya Yefimovich Repin, Russian painter (b. 1844)
* 1937 - Ray Ewry, American athlete (b. 1873)
* 1967 - Carson McCullers, American author (b. 1917) (
* 1970 - Edward Everett Horton, American actor (b. 1886)
* 1973 - W. H. Auden, English poet (b. 1907)
* 1975 - Casey Stengel, baseball player and manager
* 1981 - Bill Shankly, Scottish football manager (b. 1913)
* 1982 - Monty Stratton, baseball player (b. 1912)
* 1987 - Henry Ford II, president of Ford Motor Company (b. 1917)
* 1988 - Charles Addams, American cartoonist (b. 1912)
* 1994 - Cheb Hasni, Algerian singer (b. 1968)
* 1997 - Roy Lichtenstein, American artist (b. 1923)
* 1998 - Tom Bradley, Mayor of Los Angeles, California (b. 1917)
* 2001 - Nguyen Van Thieu, President of South Vietnam (b. 1923)
* 2004 - Richard Sainct, French motorcycle rally rider (b. 1970)
* 2005 - Austin Leslie, American chef, the "Godfather of Fried Chicken" (b. 1934)

[edit]

Holidays and observances

* RC Saints - Michaelmas - Christian feast of the Archangels St. Michael, St. Gabriel, and St. Raphael
* Also see September 29 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
* England, Ireland - One of the four Quarter days in the Irish calendar
* Argentina, Inventor's Day - László József Bíró's birthday.
* French Republican Calendar - Amarante (Amaranth) Day, eighth day in the Month of Vendémiaire

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/September_29

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1975: Bongo Fury is released

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Events

* 610 - Heraclius arrives by ship from Africa at Constantinople, overthrows Byzantine Emperor Phocas and becomes Emperor.
* 1209 - Otto IV is crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope Innocent III.
* 1537 - The first complete English-language Bible (the Matthew Bible) is printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale.
* 1582 - Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian Calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain, October 4 of this year is followed directly by October 15.
* 1777 - Battle of Germantown: Troops under George Washington are repelled by British troops under Sir William Howe
* 1795 - Napoleon Bonaparte first rises to national prominence with a "Whiff of Grapeshot", using cannon to suppress armed counter-revolutionary rioters threatening the French Legislature (National Convention).
* 1824 - Mexico adopts a new constitution and becomes a federal republic.
* 1830 - Creation of the state of Belgium after separation from The Netherlands
* 1853 - Crimean War: The Ottoman Empire declares war on Russia.
* 1883 - First run of the Orient Express.
* 1883 - First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.
* 1895 - The first U.S. Open Men's Golf Championship run by the United States Golf Association was played on a nine-hole course in Newport, Rhode Island.
* 1921 - Riccardo Zanella has become first elected president of Free State of Fiume
* 1927 - Gutzon Borglum begins sculpting Mt. Rushmore.
* 1931 - Debut appearance of the "Dick Tracy" comic strip, created by cartoonist Chester Gould.
* 1957 - Launch of Sputnik I, the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth.
* 1957 - Avro Arrow roll-out ceremony at Avro Canada plant in Malton, Ontario.
* 1957 - The CBS television show Leave it to Beaver debuts (starring Jerry Mathers as "The Beaver").
* 1958 - Fifth Republic of France established.
* 1960 - An Eastern Air Lines Lockheed L-188 Electra flying from Boston crashes, killing 62 people after a bird strike.
* 1966 - Basutoland becomes independent from the United Kingdom and is renamed Lesotho.
* 1975 - A Cessna 310Q airplane crashes over Wilmington, North Carolina, killing the pilot and severely injuring several pro wrestlers affiliated with the NWA's Mid-Atlantic promotion. One of the survivors is the legendary Ric Flair
* 1983 - Richard Noble sets a new land speed record of 633.468 mph (1,019 km/h), driving Thrust 2 at the Black Rock Desert of Nevada.
* 1983 - The first Hooters restaurant opens in Clearwater, Florida.
* 1988 - U.S. televangelist Jim Bakker indicted for fraud.
* 1991 - The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty was opened for signature.
* 1992 - The Rome General Peace Accords end a 16 years' civil war in Mozambique.
* 1992 - An El Al Boeing 747-200F crashes into two apartment buildings in Amsterdam, killing 43 including 38 on the ground. See Bijlmerramp
* 1993 - Russian constitutional crisis of 1993: Russian President Boris Yeltsin orders tanks to storm the Russian parliament building.
* 2001 - A Sibir Airlines Tupolev TU-154 crashes into the Black Sea after being struck by an errant Ukrainian S-200 missile. 78 people are killed.
* 2003 - Maxim restaurant suicide bombing in Haifa, Israel: 21 Israelis, Jews and Arabs, are killed, and 51 others wounded.
* 2004 - SpaceShipOne wins Ansari X Prize for private spaceflight.

[edit]

Births

* 1160 - Alys, Countess of the Vexin, daughter of Louis VII of France
* 1289 - King Louis X of France (d. 1316)
* 1379 - King Henry III of Castile (d. 1406)
* 1515 - Lucas Cranach the Younger, German painter (d. 1586)
* 1542 - Robert Bellarmine, Italian saint (d. 1621)
* 1550 - King Charles IX of Sweden (d. 1611)
* 1562 - Christian Sørensen Longomontanus, Danish astronomer (d. 1647)
* 1570 - Péter Pázmány, Hungarian cardinal (d. 1637)
* 1625 - Jacqueline Pascal, French child prodigy (d. 1661)
* 1626 - Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland (d. 1712)
* 1720 - Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Italian artist (d. 1778)
* 1723 - Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, German entomologist (d. 1798)
* 1759 - Antoine Arbogast, French mathematician (d. 1803)
* 1787 - François Guizot, French statesman (d. 1874)
* 1807 - Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, French Canadian politician, prime minister of the Province of Canada (d. 1864)
* 1814 - Jean-François Millet, French painter (d. 1875)
* 1822 - Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th President of the United States (d. 1893)
* 1841 - Prudente José de Morais Barros, President of Brazil (d. 1912)
* 1858 - Michael Pupin, Serbian-born telephone pioneer (d. 1935)
* 1861 - Frederic Remington, American painter (d. 1909)
* 1862 - Edward Stratemeyer, American author (d. 1930)
* 1877 - Razor Smith, English cricketer (d. 1946)
* 1880 - Damon Runyon, American writer (d. 1946)
* 1881 - Walther von Brauchitsch, German Commander-in-Chief (d. 1948)
* 1886 - Luis Alberni, Spanish actor (d. 1962)
* 1888 - Oscar Mathisen, Norwegian speed skater (d. 1954)
* 1892 - Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian politician (d. 1934)
* 1895 - Buster Keaton, American comedian (d. 1966)
* 1903 - John Vincent Atanasoff, American computer pioneer (d. 1995)
* 1903 - Ernst Kaltenbrunner, German military officer (d. 1946)
* 1903 - Bona Arsenault, French Canadian politician, historian and genealogist (d. 1993)
* 1907 - Run Run Shaw, Hong Kong media mogul
* 1910 - Frankie Crosetti, American baseball player (d. 2002)
* 1914 - Jim Cairns, Australian politician (d. 2003)
* 1916 - Vitaly Ginzburg, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate
* 1916 - George Sidney, American film director (d. 2002)
* 1918 - Kenichi Fukui, Japanese chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
* 1922 - Malcolm Baldrige, 26th United States Secretary of Commerce (d. 1987)
* 1924 - Charlton Heston, American actor
* 1928 - Alvin Toffler, American author
* 1929 - Leroy Van Dyke, American singer
* 1932 - Milan Chvostek, Canadian television director
* 1934 - Sam Huff, American football player
* 1937 - Jackie Collins, British author
* 1938 - Kurt Wüthrich, Swiss chemist, Nobel laureate
* 1940 - Silvio Marzolini, Argentine footballer
* 1941 - Anne Rice, American writer
* 1942 - Karl W. Richter, American aviator (d. 1967)
* 1943 - H. Rap Brown, American civil rights activist
* 1944 - Tony La Russa, American baseball manager
* 1945 - Clifton Davis, American actor
* 1946 - Chuck Hagel, American politician
* 1946 - Susan Sarandon, American actress
* 1947 - Ann Widdecombe, British politician
* 1947 - Julien Clerc, French singer
* 1947 - Jim Fielder, American bassist (Blood, Sweat & Tears)
* 1949 - Armand Assante, American actor
* 1949 - Stephen Gyllenhaal, American director
* 1953 - Tchéky Karyo, Turkish-born actor
* 1957 - Alexander Tkachev, Soviet gymnast
* 1957 - Bill Fagerbakke, American actor
* 1959 - Chris Lowe, British singer (Pet Shop Boys)
* 1959 - Tony Meo, English snooker player
* 1960 - Afrika Bambaataa, American musician
* 1960 - Joe Boever, American baseball player
* 1961 - Kazuki Takahashi, Japanese author
* 1962 - Jon Secada, Cuban singer and songwriter
* 1963 - A.C. Green, American basketball player
* 1967 - Marcus Bentley, British voice actor
* 1967 - Liev Schreiber, American actor
* 1970 - Richard Hancox, English footballer
* 1971 - Friderika Bayer, Hungarian singer
* 1972 - Murray Happer, American wrestler
* 1973 - Chris Parks, American wrestler
* 1975 - Cristiano Lucarelli, Italian football player
* 1976 - Alicia Silverstone, American actress
* 1976 - Mauro Camoranesi, Argentine-Italian footballer
* 1979 - Rachael Leigh Cook, American actress
* 1980 - Me'Lisa Barber, American athlete
* 1980 - Sarah Fisher, American race car driver
* 1980 - Tomáš Rosický, Czech footballer
* 1981 - Justin Williams, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1983 - Risa Kudo, Japanese gravure idol
* 1984 - Elena Katina, Russian musician (t.A.T.u.)

[edit]

Deaths

* 1052 - Vladimir of Novgorod (b. 1020)
* 1221 - William III Talvas, Count of Ponthieu (b. 1179)
* 1250 - Herman VI, Margrave of Baden
* 1305 - Emperor Kameyama of Japan (b. 1249)
* 1582 - Teresa of Avila, Spanish saint (b. 1515)
* 1597 - Sarsa Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1550)
* 1646 - Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, English statesman (b. 1586)
* 1660 - Francesco Albani, Italian painter (b. 1578)
* 1669 - Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn, Dutch painter (b. 1606)
* 1680 - Pierre-Paul Riquet, French engineer
* 1743 - John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, Scottish soldier (b. 1678)
* 1749 - Franz Freiherr von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (b. 1711)
* 1754 - Tanacharison, Catawba Indian chief
* 1785 - David Brearly, American statesman (b. 1703)
* 1821 - John Rennie, Scottish engineer (b. 1761)
* 1851 - Manuel de Godoy, Spanish statesman (b. 1767)
* 1859 - Karl Baedeker, German publisher (b. 1801)
* 1864 - Joseph Montferrand, French Canadian logger and strong man (b. 1802)
* 1890 - Catherine Booth, the Mother of The Salvation Army (b. 1829)
* 1903 - Otto Weininger, Austrian philosopher (b. 1880)
* 1904 - Frédéric Bartholdi, French sculptor (b. 1834)
* 1904 - Karl Bayer, Austrian chemist (b. 1847)
* 1935 - Jean Béraud, French painter (b. 1849)
* 1944 - Al Smith, American politician (b. 1873)
* 1946 - Barney Oldfield, American automobile pioneer (b. 1878)
* 1947 - Max Planck, Nobel laureate (b. 1858)
* 1951 - Willie Moretti, American gangster (b. 1894)
* 1969 - Natalino Otto, Italian singer (b. 1912)
* 1970 - Janis Joplin, American singer (b. 1943)
* 1974 - Anne Sexton, American poet (b. 1928)
* 1975 - Joan Whitney Payson, American heiress (b. 1903)
* 1982 - Glenn Gould, Canadian pianist (b. 1932)
* 1989 - Graham Chapman, British comedian (b. 1941)
* 1989 - Secretariat, American race horse (b. 1970)
* 1991 - J. Frank Wilson, American singer (J. Frank Wilson and the Cavaliers) (b. 1941)
* 1992 - Denny Hulme, New Zealand race care driver (b. 1936)
* 1994 - Danny Gatton, American guitar virtuoso (b. 1945)
* 1997 - Gunpei Yokoi, Japanese game developer (b. 1941)
* 1999 - Erik Brødreskift (aka Grim), Norwegian black metal musician (b. 1969)
* 1999 - Art Farmer, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1928)
* 1999 - Bernard Buffet, French painter (b. 1928)
* 2000 - Michael Smith, Nobel laureate (b. 1932)
* 2002 - Alphonse Chapanis, founder of ergonomics
* 2002 - André Delvaux, Belgian film director and screenwriter (b. 1926)
* 2003 - Sid McMath, American politician (b. 1912)
* 2004 - Gordon Cooper, American astronaut (b. 1927)
* 2005 - Stanley K. Hathaway, American politician (b. 1924)

[edit]

Holidays and observances

* Roman festivals - Ieiunium Cereris (Fast of Ceres) (since 191 BC; that calendar date fell in late spring at that time).
* RC Saints - Feast day of Saint Francis of Assisi; also of Saint Amun, Saint Petronius of Bologna.
* Also see October 4 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
* Islam - tonight in 2005 Ramadan began in some parts of the world.
* Australia - Labour Day of 2005 (ACT, NSW, & SA, 2004: first Monday of October).
* Lesotho - Independence Day (from Britain, 1966).
* Mozambique - Day of Peace and Reconciliation (Dia da Paz e da Reconciliação), in memory of the 1992 Rome General Peace Accords
* World Animal Day
* French Republican Calendar - Potiron (Pumpkin) Day, thirteenth day in the Month of Vendémiaire
* The beginning of World Space Week

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/October_4

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MY pumpkin... Rebekah Martha Grace who was born 10/04/2001 :roll:


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Congrats, Yomamma, happy 5th birthday to Rebekah!

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Nice one yomama...Happy Boiythday Rebekah! :) Hope you get oooodles of pressies and kisses!

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Congratulations yomama! Before you know it, she'll want to borrow the car.


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SPACEBROTHER wrote:
Congratulations yomama! Before you know it, she'll want to borrow the car.


...Cruising for Burgers no doubt!!!


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SPACEBROTHER wrote:
Congratulations yomama! Before you know it, she'll want to borrow the car.


Lol, correction....Pretty soon YOU'LL want to borrow the car :) :) :)

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2003: The Terminator takes on California

The film star Arnold Schwarzenegger has been elected governor of California, ousting the incumbent, Gray Davis, three years before his term was due to end.

It is the first time in the state's history that a governor has been sacked mid-term.

With most of the ballots counted, Mr Schwarzenegger has won almost 48% of the vote.

In a victory speech before jubilant supporters, Mr Schwarzenegger thanked the people of California for giving him their trust.

"I want to be the governor of the people," he said. "I know that together we can make this the greatest state in the greatest country in the world." (...)

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1994: Israelis and Arafat share peace prize
Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, and two Israelis, the Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres, have been named the winners of this year's Nobel peace prize. (...)

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15 October 1969: Hot Rats release!

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1989: Earthquake hits San Francisco

A powerful earthquake has rocked San Francisco killing nine people and injuring hundreds.

The number of dead is expected to rise significantly. The two-tier Bay Bridge and Nimitz freeway both partially collapsed and rescuers are waiting to recover bodies from cars crushed by the quake. (...)

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Them Or Us
18 October 1984

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1970: Chunga's Revenge is released

___________________________________________________________

One hundred years ago, today, a Brazilian officially invented a real plane:

Brazil celebrates its 'father of flight'

A range of special events is taking place in Brazil this month in celebration of one of the country's best-loved heroes - Alberto Santos Dumont.

ImageImageImage

On 23 October 1906 Alberto Santos Dumont, the 33-year-old son of a fabulously rich Brazilian coffee baron, took off from a field outside Paris in a strange contraption, the 14-bis or 14 Mark II.

It seemed to be flying backwards and had the engine at the rear.

The pilot was keenly watched by an official team of observers and many others at a moment when enthusiasts in the French capital were clearly leading the world in the development of aeronautics.

Albert Blériot, for instance, must have been dreaming of the day, two years in the future, when he would be the first man to fly across the Channel.

Sensitive but dashing, Santos Dumont was already the toast of Paris. In 1901 when he was still in his twenties he had won the Deutsch Prize with his dirigible - a balloon with a motor which could be steered rather precariously.


The use of aircraft offensively caused him intense misery, he seemed to assume personal responsibility for those who died in aerial dog fights

After many attempts over the months he had succeeded in taking off from Saint-Cloud in his balloon, flying round the recently inaugurated Eiffel Tower and landing back at Saint-Cloud in less than half an hour.

In a characteristic gesture of generosity he gave away his 129,000 francs of prize money to his mechanics and to the poor of Paris. The International Aeronautics Federation acknowledged his feat and later he was awarded France's Legion of Honour.

Small in stature and always distinguished as a smart dresser with a high collar and a Panama hat, the young Brazilian went on to invent the Demoiselle, the first plane to be produced in numbers in a factory.

Yet, after a crash in a Demoiselle, Santos Dumont gave up flying for good in 1910.

Returning to Brazil he built himself a typically quirky house in Petrópolis, the former summer capital of the emperors of Brazil

A Encantada, "the Enchanted Woman" is now a museum - it went up on the side of a hill, not far from the imperial Crystal Palace.

Santos Dumont could not abide inside stairways so all the staircases are on the outside of the Encantada. There was no kitchen: Santos Dumont relied on ordering food from the grand hotel across the way.

As war broke out in Europe in 1914 he was enthusiastic about using aircraft for defence - they were better at spotting submarines than surface vessels, for instance.

But, as the war continued, the use of aircraft offensively caused him intense misery. He seemed to assume personal responsibility for those who died in aerial dogfights.

He was not helped by the onset of multiple sclerosis.

He hanged himself using two of his smart red ties in 1932 at the age of 59. On the day of his death he reflected, "I've invented the misery of the world."

Mysterious affair

For more than a century he has been one of Brazil's undisputed national heroes. The claims of Orville and Wilbur Wright to have taken to the air in the Flyer in North Carolina in 1903 are not given much credence in this country.

Brazilians say that the US flight was a mysterious affair, held virtually in secret and not observed by impartial witnesses. They add that the flight was unable to take off under its own power and was catapulted into the air.


Their case is bolstered by the photo of the Flyer which shows it had no undercarriage.

Here in Brazil Santos Dumont's champions compare the Wright brothers unfavourably with him.

The Wrights were secretive - he was open. They were keen to patent everything they could - he patented nothing. They were keen to sell their machine to the armies of their own country, Britain, Germany and France - he was appalled by dogfights and bombing.


What all sides can come together to appreciate is one of Santos Dumont's minor contributions to human happiness.

He needed both hands free to grasp the controls of his balloons and his aircraft. At the same time he had to take the question of timing seriously, so he made a practice of strapping his watch to his wrist as few people had done before.

He took the practice, so to speak, to a new plane.

He persuaded his friend the jeweller Louis Cartier to mass-produce a wrist watch.

It was good business and Santos Dumont's reputation meant that soon men and women were wearing them.

Indeed the company has maintained them in production to this day.

So when you are next held up at an airport do not curse the invention of the aeroplane.

Just look at the time on your wrist and, as you do, bless the name of Alberto Santos Dumont.

(...)

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Last edited by Mr_Green_Genes on Wed Nov 01, 2006 1:49 am, edited 1 time in total.

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Rise of the New World Order :evil:

___________________________________


1945: United Nations Organisation is born

Allies of World War II ratify the UN Charter at a ceremony in Washington DC.

The United Nations Organisation has been formally inaugurated during a short ceremony at the US State Department in Washington.

A total of 29 countries ratified the United Nations Charter that was signed by 50 nations on 26 June in San Francisco. US Secretary of State James Byrnes signed the protocol and proclaimed the charter was "now a part of the law of nations". (...)

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1992: Playground Psychotics is released

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1976: Zoot Allures is released.

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Events

* 445 BC - Ezra reads the Book of the Law to the Israelites in Jerusalem (see Nehemiah 9:1, NLTse).
* 475 - Romulus Augustus was proclaimed Roman Emperor.
* 1517 - Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posts his 95 theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg.
* 1587 - Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.
* 1822 - Emperor Agustín de Iturbide attempted to dissolve the Mexican Empire.
* 1861 - American Civil War: Citing failing health, Union General Winfield Scott resigns as Commander of the United States Army.
* 1863 - The Maori Wars resumed as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of the Waikato.
* 1864 - Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state.
* 1876 - A monster cyclone ravages India, resulting in over 200,000 human deaths.
* 1892 - Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
* 1912 - The Musketeers of Pig Alley, directed by D.W. Griffith, debuts as the first gangster film.
* 1912 - Dominican Republic becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
* 1917 - World War I: Battle of Beersheba - "last successful cavalry charge in history"
* 1923 - 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees at Marble Bar, Australia begins.
* 1926 - Magician Harry Houdini dies of gangrene and peritonitis that developed after his appendix ruptured.
* 1936 - The Boy Scouts of the Philippines was formed.
* 1938 - Great Depression: In an effort to try restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.
* 1940 - World War II: Battle of Britain ends - The United Kingdom prevents Germany from invading Great Britain.
* 1941 - After 14 years of work, drilling is completed on Mount Rushmore.
* 1941 - World War II: The destroyer USS Reuben James is torpedoed by a German U-boat near Iceland, killing more than 100 United States Navy sailors.
* 1941 - American photographer Ansel Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in the history of photography.
* 1950 - Pope Pius XII witnesses the "Miracle of the Sun" while at the Vatican"[1]
* 1954 - Algerian War of Independence: The Algerian National Liberation Front begins a revolt against French rule.
* 1956 - Suez Crisis: The United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.
* 1961 - In the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin's body is removed from Lenin's Tomb.
* 1963 - Indiana State Fair Coliseum (now Pepsi Coliseum) explosion in Indianapolis kills 74 people during an ice skating show. The mammoth explosion injured 400. A faulty propane tank connection in a concession stand was blamed.
* 1968 - Vietnam War October surprise: Citing progress with the Paris peace talks, US President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of "all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam" effective November 1.
* 1984 - Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated by two Sikh security guards (riots soon broke out in New Delhi and nearly 2,000 innocent Sikhs were killed).
* 1986 - The 5th congress of the Communist Party of Sweden is inaugurated. During the course of the congress the party name is changed to the Solidarity Party and the party ceases to be a communist party.
* 1994 - An American Eagle ATR-72 crashes in Roselawn, Indiana, after circling in icy weather, killing all 68 on board.
* 1996 - A Brazilian TAM Fokker F100 crashes into several houses in São Paulo, Brazil killing 98 including 2 on the ground.
* 1996 - Jean Chrétien becomes UN special envoy to the African Great Lakes.
* 1997 - 19-year-old British au pair Louise Woodward, convicted by a Cambridge, Massachusetts, jury of second-degree murder the day before, is sentenced to life in prison.
* 1998 - Iraq disarmament crisis begins: Iraq announces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.
* 1999 - EgyptAir Flight 990 traveling from New York City to Cairo crashes off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, killing all 217 on-board.
* 1999 - Roman Catholic Church and Lutheran Church leaders sign the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, ending a centuries-old doctrinal dispute over the nature of faith and salvation.
* 2000 - A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 operating as Flight 006 collides with construction equipment upon takeoff in Taipei, Taiwan killing 79 passengers and 4 crew members
* 2000 - A chartered Antonov An-26 explodes after takeoff in Northern Angola killing 50
* 2000 - The last Multics machine was shut down.
* 2002 - A federal grand jury in Houston formally indicted former Enron Corp. chief financial officer Andrew Fastow on 78 counts of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of his ex-employer.
* 2003 - A bankruptcy court approves MCI's reorganization plans, essentially clearing the telecommunications company to exit bankruptcy.
* 2003 - Mahathir bin Mohamad resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia after 22 years in power.
* 2004 - Passenger airline service ends at Mirabel International Airport in Montreal, Canada.
* 2005 - President George W. Bush nominates Appeals court judge Samuel Alito to join the Supreme Court of the United States.
* 2006 - NASA is expected to announce whether or not there will be a space shuttle mission to service the Hubble Space Telescope. If the decision is made to fly the mission, designated STS-125, the crew will also be announced.

[edit] Births

* 1291 - Philippe de Vitry, French composer (d. 1361)
* 1345 - King Fernando I of Portugal (d. 1383)
* 1391 - King Duarte of Portugal (d. 1438)
* 1424 - King Wladislaus III of Poland (d. 1444)
* 1538 - Caesar Baronius, Italian cardinal and historian (d. 1607)
* 1599 - Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles, English statesman and writer (d. 1680)
* 1620 - John Evelyn, English diarist (d. 1706)
* 1622 - Pierre Paul Puget, French artist (d. 1694)
* 1632 - (baptism) Johannes Vermeer, Flemish painter (d. 1675)
* 1636 - Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1679)
* 1692 - Comte de Caylus, French archaeologist (d. 1765)
* 1705 - Pope Clement XIV (d. 1774)
* 1711 - Laura Bassi, Italian scholar (d. 1778)
* 1724 - Christopher Anstey, English writer (d. 1805)
* 1737 - James Lovell (delegate), American educator (d. 1789)
* 1795 - John Keats, British poet (d. 1821)
* 1815 - Karl Weierstraß, German mathematician (d. 1897)
* 1825 - Charles Lavigerie, French cardinal (d. 1892)
* 1831 - Paolo Mantegazza, Italian neurologist (d. 1910)
* 1835 - Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1917)
* 1860 - Juliette Low, American founder of the Girl Scouts (d. 1927)
* 1875 - Eugene Meyer, American businessman and newspaper publisher (d. 1954)
* 1875 - Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian freedom fighter and statesman (d. 1950)
* 1887 - Chiang Kai-shek, Nationalist Chinese leader (d. 1975)
* 1887 - Newsy Lalonde, National Hockey League player (d. 1970)
* 1892 - Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess player (d. 1946)
* 1895 - Basil Liddell Hart, British military historian (d. 1970)
* 1896 - Ethel Waters, American singer and actress (d. 1977)
* 1912 - Dale Evans, American singer and actress (d. 2001)
* 1914 - Joe Carcione, American consumer advocate (d. 1988)
* 1917 - Thomas Hill, Canadian actor
* 1918 - Ian Stevenson, American parapsychologist
* 1920 - Dick Francis, Welsh novelist
* 1920 - Helmut Newton, German photographer (d. 2004)
* 1920 - Fritz Walter, German footballer (d. 2002)
* 1922 - Barbara Bel Geddes, American actress (d. 2005)
* 1922 - Illinois Jacquet, American saxophonist (d. 2004)
* 1922 - King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia
* 1925 - John Anthony Pople, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
* 1926 - Jimmy Saville, English entertainer
* 1927 - Lee Grant, American actress
* 1928 - Cleo Moore, American actress (d. 1973)
* 1929 - Eddie Charlton, Australian snooker player (d. 2004)
* 1929 - Bud Spencer, Italian actor
* 1930 - Michael Collins, astronaut
* 1931 - Dan Rather, American television journalist
* 1933 - Phil Goyette, National Hockey League player
* 1936 - Michael Landon, American actor (d. 1991)
* 1937 - Tom Paxton, American singer
* 1939 - Ron Rifkin, American actor
* 1939 - Tom O'Connor, British comedian
* 1942 - Dave McNally, Major League Baseball pitcher (d. 2002)
* 1943 - Paul Frampton, English physicist
* 1944 - Kinky Friedman, American musician and novelist
* 1945 - Brian Doyle-Murray, American comedian and actor
* 1946 - Stephen Rea, Irish actor
* 1946 - Norman Lovett, British actor
* 1947 - Deidre Hall, American actress
* 1947 - Frank Shorter, American runner
* 1950 - John Candy, Canadian comedian and actor (d. 1994)
* 1950 - Jane Pauley, American news anchor
* 1952 - Bernard Edwards, American bass player (CHIC) (d. 1996)
* 1953 - Michael J. Anderson, American actor
* 1954 - Ken Wahl, American actor
* 1955 - Mark Roesler, American businessman and lawyer
* 1958 - Jeannie Longo, French cyclist
* 1959 - Neal Stephenson, American author
* 1959 - Mats Näslund, National Hockey League player
* 1960 - Luis Fortuño, Puerto Rican delegate to Congress
* 1960 - Mike Gallego, baseball player
* 1961 - Peter Jackson, New Zealand film director
* 1961 - Larry Mullen, Irish drummer (U2)
* 1961 - Alonzo Babers, American runner
* 1961 - Kate Campbell, American musician
* 1963 - Dunga, Brazilian footballer
* 1963 - Fred McGriff, baseball player
* 1963 - Rob Schneider, American actor
* 1963 - Johnny Marr, English guitarist and songwriter (The Smiths)
* 1963 - Dermot Mulroney, American actor
* 1964 - Marco van Basten, Dutch football player
* 1964 - Marty Wright, American professional wrestler
* 1965 - Annabella Lwin, British singer (Bow Wow Wow)
* 1966 - Adam Horovitz, American singer (Beastie Boys)
* 1966 - Koji Kanemoto, Japanese professional wrestler
* 1968 - Antonio Davis, American basketball player
* 1968 - Vanilla Ice, American rapper
* 1969 - Mike O'Malley,American Actor
* 1970 - Linn Berggren, Swedish singer (Ace of Base)
* 1970 - Rogers Stevens, American guitarist (Blind Melon)
* 1971 - Alphonso Ford, American basketball player (d. 2004)
* 1971 - Ian Walker, English footballer
* 1972 - Shaun Bartlett, South African footballer
* 1974 - Muzzy Izzet, Turkish footballer
* 1976 - Piper Perabo, American actress
* 1977 - Séverine Ferrer, French singer
* 1980 - Eddie Kaye Thomas, American actor
* 1980 - Samaire Armstrong, American actress
* 1981 - Irina Denezhkina, Russian writer
* 1981 - Frank Iero, American guitarist (My Chemical Romance)
* 1982 - Tomas Plekanec, National Hockey League player
* 1986 - Christie Hayes, Australian actress
* 1990 - Lil' JJ, American comedian
* 2005 - Infanta Leonor of Spain, daughter of Crown Prince Felipe and Letizia, Princess of Asturias


[edit] Deaths

* 1147 - Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, English politician (bc. 1090)
* 1214 - Leonora of England, queen of Alfonso VIII of Castile (b. 1162)
* 1448 - John VIII Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1390)
* 1517 - Fra Bartolommeo, Italian artist (b. 1472)
* 1641 - Cornelis Jol, Dutch admiral and privateer (b. 1597)
* 1659 - John Bradshaw, English judge (b. 1602)
* 1723 - Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1642)
* 1732 - Victor Amadeus II of Savoy (b. 1666)
* 1733 - Eberhard IV Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1676)
* 1744 - Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (b. 1694)
* 1765 - Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, English military leader (b. 1721)
* 1768 - Francesco Maria Veracini, Italian composer (b. 1690)
* 1860 - Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral (b. 1775)
* 1879 - Jacob Abbott, American author (b. 1803)
* 1884 - Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian painter (b. 1858)
* 1913 - William Evans-Gordon, British politician (b. 1857)
* 1916 - Charles Taze Russell, American founder of the Jehovah's Witnesses (b. 1852)
* 1918 - Egon Schiele, Austrian painter (b. 1890)
* 1920 - Alphonse Desjardins, founder of the Caisses populaires Desjardins (b. 1854)
* 1925 - Max Linder, French actor, director and screenwriter (b. 1883)
* 1926 - Harry Houdini, Hungarian-born magician (b. 1874)
* 1939 - Otto Rank, Austrian psychologist (b. 1884)
* 1943 - Max Reinhardt, German film director (b. 1873)
* 1952 - U Chit Hlaing, Burmese politician (b. 1879)
* 1959 - Jean Cabannes, French physicist (b. 1885)
* 1972 - Bill Durnan, National Hockey League goaltender (b. 1916)
* 1983 - George Halas, American football player, coach, and team owner (b. 1895)
* 1984 - Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India (b. 1917)
* 1984 - Eduardo de Filippo, Italian actor and screenwriter (b. 1900)
* 1985 - Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor (b. 1913)
* 1986 - Robert S. Mulliken, American physicist and chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1896)
* 1987 - Joseph Campbell, American author and expert on mythology (b. 1904)
* 1988 - John Houseman, Romanian-born actor and director (b. 1902)
* 1988 - Alfred Pellan, Québécois painter (b. 1906)
* 1991 - Joseph Papp, American theatrical producer (b. 1921)
* 1991 - Gene Anderson, American professional wrestler (b. 1933)
* 1993 - Federico Fellini, Italian director (b. 1920)
* 1993 - River Phoenix, American actor (drug overdose) (b. 1970)
* 1995 - Rosalind Cash, American actress (b. 1938)
* 1996 - Marcel Carné, French film director (b. 1906)
* 1998 - Elmer Vasko, National Hockey League defenceman (b. 1935)
* 1999 - Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (b. 1975)
* 2000 - Watanabe Kazuki Japanese musician (Raphael) (b. 1981)
* 2000 - Ring Lardner, Jr., American screenwriter (b. 1915)
* 2001 - Régine Cavagnoud, French skier (b. 1970)
* 2002 - Lionel Poilâne, French baker and entrepreneur (b. 1945)
* 2003 - Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer, Indian singer (b. 1908)
* 2003 - Dharmsamrat Paramhans Swami Madhavananda, Indian guru (b. 1923)
* 2003 - Richard Neustadt, American political historian (b. 1919)
* 2005 - Mary Wimbush, English actress (b. 1924)
* 2005 - John "Beatz" Holohan, American drummer (Bayside) (b. 1974))

[edit] Holidays and observances

* R.C. Saints - October 31 is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
o St. Antoninus
o St. Arnulf
o St. Bega
o St. Notburga
o St. Quentin
o St. Urban
o St. Wolfgang
* Also see October 31 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
* Protestant Church - Reformation Day: Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses on the Wittenberg church on this day in 1517
* October 31st is Halloween; also see Samhain (an approximate date)
* Cornwall - Allantide
* Paganism and Celts - Samhain
* October 31st is Nevada Day


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/October_31

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1997: 'Great Train Robber' escapes extradition again

The so-called 'Great Train Robber', Ronnie Biggs, is celebrating after Brazil's Supreme Court rejected a British request to extradite him.

The court in Rio de Janeiro ruled that because Biggs' crime was committed more than 20 years ago he could not be extradited under Brazilian law.

In 1963 Biggs was convicted of robbing a mail train, part of a 15-strong gang which stole more than £2.5m in what became known as "The Great Train Robbery".

A spokesman for the Supreme Court said the ruling was final and the British Government would not be able to appeal.

Ronnie Biggs said he was "totally elated and relieved" that the years of uncertainty were now over.

"Finally I can get on with the rest of my life," he said.


In London a spokesman for the Home Office said that it was "very disappointed" with the court's ruling.

Former Scotland Yard detective Jack Slipper, who was involved in the investigation following the robbery, told the BBC he was not surprised by the decision.

"It's a long time since the offence was committed and Biggs is an old man. I can't see any point in bringing him back," Mr Slipper said.

Biggs has lived in Rio de Janeiro for 27 years.

Just 15 months into a 30-year sentence for the robbery, he escaped from Wandsworth prison in London.

He first fled to Australia where he hid out until 1970 before moving on to Brazil.

But it was only in August, when Britain and Brazil formally ratified an extradition treaty, that his return home became a real possibility.

In Context
Ronnie Biggs had already frustrated two previous attempts to bring him home.

In one attempt in 1981 he was kidnapped and taken to the Caribbean island of Barbados.

During his years in Brazil, Biggs was a minor celebrity and his son became a child pop star.

However, in 2001 Biggs returned to Britain voluntarily to receive medical treatment which he could not afford in Brazil.

A series of strokes had left him partially paralysed and unable to speak.

Biggs appealed to the British authorities for leniency but on his return was immediately rearrested.

He was taken to the top-security Belmarsh prison in south-east London to serve out the remaining 28 years of his sentence.


http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/date ... 518275.stm

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2004: Pedro1 finally lost his VIRGINITY!!! :twisted:

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Events

* 1002 - English king Ethelred ordered killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St. Brice's Day massacre.
* 1775 - American Revolutionary War: Patriot revolutionary forces under Col. Ethan Allen attack Montreal defended by British General Guy Carleton. Allen and his troops were disorganised and soundly defeated; however, U.S. Brigadier General Richard Montgomery's force entered Montreal unopposed.
* 1841 - James Braid first sees a demonstration of animal magnetism, which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls hypnosis.
* 1851 - The Denny Party lands at Alki Point, the first settlers of what will become Seattle, Washington.
* 1887 - Demonstrators demanding the release of William O'Brien from prison clash with police in central London on Bloody Sunday.
* 1908 - Andrew Fisher becomes the 5th Prime Minister of Australia.
* 1909 - Collier's magazine accuses U.S. Secretary of the Interior Richard Ballinger of questionable dealings in Alaskan coal fields.
* 1916 - Prime Minister of Australia William Morris Hughes is expelled from the Labor Party over his support for conscription.
* 1941 - World War II: The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal is torpedoed by U 81, she sinks on November 14.
* 1942 - World War II: Naval Battle of Guadalcanal - U.S. and Japanese ships engage in an intense, close-quarters surface naval engagement during the Battle of Guadalcanal
* 1950 - General Carlos Delgado Chalbaud is assassinated in Caracas.
* 1954 - Great Britain defeated France to capture the first ever Rugby League World Cup in Paris in front of around 30,000 spectators.
* 1956 - United States Supreme Court declared Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses illegal; this ended the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
* 1960 - Sammy Davis, Jr. marries Swedish actress May Britt. Interracial marriage was still illegal in 31 US states out of 50.
* 1961 - Vladimir Yefimovich Semichastny succeeds Aleksandr Nikolayevich Shelepin as head of the KGB.
* 1965 - The SS Yarmouth Castle burns and sinks 60 miles off Nassau with the loss of 90 lives.
* 1969 - Vietnam War: Anti-war protesters in Washington, DC stage a symbolic "March Against Death."
* 1970 - Bhola cyclone: A 150-mph tropical cyclone hits the densely populated Ganges Delta region of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), killing an estimated 500,000 people in one night (this is regarded as the 20th century's worst natural disaster).
* 1971 - The American space probe, Mariner 9, has become the first spacecraft to orbit another planet, swinging into its planned trajectory around Mars without a hitch.
* 1974 - Nuclear activist Karen Silkwood is killed in a car crash while she is travelling to an interview with New York Times reporter David Burnham.
* 1974 - Ronald DeFeo, Jr. murders his family in Amityville, New York (Amityville Horror)
* 1982 - A boxing match held in Las Vegas, Nevada ends when Ray Mancini defeats Kim Duk Koo. Kim's death on November 17 led to significant changes in the sport.
* 1982 - The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington D.C. after a march to its site by thousands of Vietnam War veterans.
* 1985 - The volcano Nevado del Ruiz erupts and melts a glacier, causing a lahar (volcanic mudslide) that buries Armero, Colombia, killing approximately 23,000 people.
* 1985 - Xavier Suarez is sworn in as Miami's first Cuban-born mayor.
* 1990 - The World Wide Web first began.
* 1991 - Beauty and The Beast is released in theatres
* 1994 - Voters in Sweden decide to join the European Union in a referendum.
* 2001 - Doha Round: The World Trade Organization ends a four-day ministerial conference in Doha, Qatar.
* 2001 - War on Terrorism: In the first such act since World War II, US President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against any foreigners suspected of having connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States.
* 2002 - Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq agrees to the terms of the UN Security Council Resolution 1441.
* 2002 - The oil tanker Prestige sinks off the Galician coast and causes a huge oil spill.
* 2005 - Chicago Bears cornerback Nathan Vasher returns a missed field goal 108 yards against the San Francisco 49ers, the longest defensive touchdown run in NFL history.

[edit] Births

* 354 - Saint Augustine of Hippo, North African theologian (d. 430)
* 1312 - King Edward III of England (d. 1377)
* 1486 - Johann Eck, German theologian (d. 1543)
* 1504 - Philipp I of Hesse (d. 1567)
* 1710 - Charles Simon Favart, French dramatist (d. 1792)
* 1714 - William Shenstone, English poet (d. 1763)
* 1732 - John Dickinson, American lawyer and Governor of Delaware and Pennsylvania (d. 1808)
* 1760 - Jiaqing, Emperor of China (d. 1820)
* 1761 - John Moore, British general (d. 1809)
* 1768 - Bertel Thorvaldsen, Danish sculptor (d. 1844)
* 1814 - Joseph Hooker, American General (d. 1879)
* 1826 - Charles Frederick Worth, English-born couturier (d. 1895)
* 1833 - Edwin Booth, American actor (d. 1893)
* 1838 - Joseph Fielding Smith, president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (d. 1918)
* 1841 - Edward Burd Grubb - American Civil War Brevet Brigadier General (d.1913)
* 1848 - Albert I, Prince of Monaco (d. 1922)
* 1850 - Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish writer (d. 1894)
* 1853 - John Drew Jr., American actor (d. 1927)
* 1856 - Louis Brandeis, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1941)
* 1869 - Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian feminist (d. 1962)
* 1878 - Max Dehn, German mathematician (d. 1952)
* 1886 - Mary Wigman, German dancer and choreographer (d. 1973)
* 1906 - Hermione Baddeley, English actress (d. 1986)
* 1906 - Eva Zeisel, American industrial designer
* 1908 - C. Vann Woodward, American historian (d. 1999)
* 1910 - William Bradford Huie, American journalist, editor, publisher and author (d. 1986)
* 1913 - Alexander Scourby, American actor (d. 1985)
* 1913 - Helen Mack, American actress (d. 1986)
* 1914 - Alberto Lattuada, Italian film director (d. 2005)
* 1918 - Jack Elam, American actor (d. 2003)
* 1922 - Jack Narz, American game show host
* 1922 - Oskar Werner, Austrian actor (d. 1984)
* 1924 - Linda Christian, Mexican-born actress
* 1924 - Motoo Kimura, Japanese geneticist (d. 1994)
* 1928 - Steve Bilko, Baseball player (d. 1978)
* 1929 - Fred Phelps, leader of the Westboro Baptist Church
* 1931 - Andrée Lachapelle, French Canadian actress
* 1933 - Adrienne Corri, Scottish actress
* 1934 - Garry Marshall, American producer, director, writer, and actor
* 1935 - Tom Atkins, American actor
* 1935 - George Carey, Archbishop of Canterbury
* 1938 - Jean Seberg, American actress (d. 1979)
* 1938 - Gérald Godin, Québécois poet and politician (d. 1994)
* 1939 - Idris Muhammad, American jazz drummer
* 1940 - Daniel Pilon, Québécois film and television actor
* 1941 - Mel Stottlemyre, baseball player and coach
* 1942 - John Hammond, American musician
* 1943 - André-Gilles Fortin, French Canadian politician (d. 1977)
* 1944 - Timmy Thomas, American singer, keyboardist and songwriter
* 1947 - Joe Mantegna, American actor
* 1950 - Mary Lou Metzger, American singer, The Lawrence Welk Show
* 1950 - Gilbert Perreault, Canadian ice hockey player
* 1951 - Frances Conroy, American actress
* 1954 - Scott McNealy, CEO of Sun Microsystems
* 1954 - Chris Noth, American actor
* 1955 - Whoopi Goldberg, American actress, comedian, and singer
* 1956 - Ginger Alden, American actress
* 1963 - Vinny Testaverde, American football player
* 1964 - Steve Wong Ka-Keung, Hong Kong singer, songwriter, composer and the bassist of the Hong Kong rock band Beyond
* 1967 - Jimmy Kimmel, American comedian and talk-show host
* 1968 - Pat Hentgen, baseball player
* 1969 - Gerard Butler, Scottish actor
* 1969 - Lori Berenson, American convicted of terrorist activities in Peru
* 1969 - Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Somali-Dutch feminist, politician and critic of Islam
* 1972 - Takuya Kimura, Japanese singer and actor
* 1973 - Scott Mitchell, American Mobile Disc Jockey Baltimore, MD
* 1976 - Hiroshi Tanahashi, Japanese professional wrestler
* 1976 - Mr_Green_Genes, forum member
* 1977 - Chanel Cole, Australian singer
* 1978 - Nikolai Fraiture Bass player for NYC based band The Strokes
* 1979 - Ron Artest, American basketball player
* 1979 - Subliminal, Israeli rapper and producer
* 1980 - Monique Coleman, American actress
* 1980 - François-Louis Tremblay, Québécois short track speed skater
* 1981 - Mark Cardona, Filipino basketball player
* 1982 - Samkon Gado, American football player
* 1982 - Kumi Koda, Japanese singer


[edit] Deaths

* 867 - Pope Nicholas I
* 1004 - Abbon of Fleury
* 1093 - King Malcolm III of Scotland (b. 1031)
* 1143 - King Fulk of Jerusalem
* 1170 - Albert I of Brandenburg
* 1314 - Albert the Degenerate
* 1345 - Constance of Penafiel, wife of Pedro I of Portugal (b. 1323)
* 1359 - Ivan II of Russia, Grand Prince of Moscow (b. 1326)
* 1460 - Prince Henry the Navigator, Portuguese patron of exploration (b. 1394)
* 1606 - Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (b. 1530)
* 1619 - Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter (b. 1555)
* 1770 - George Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1712)
* 1771 - Konrad Ernst Ackermann, German actor (b. 1712)
* 1862 - Ludwig Uhland, German poet (b. 1787)
* 1867 - Adolphe Napoleon Didron, French archaeologist (b. 1806)
* 1868 - Gioacchino Rossini, Italian composer (b. 1792)
* 1903 - Camille Pissarro, French painter (b. 1830)
* 1952 - Margaret Wise Brown, American children's author (b. 1910)
* 1954 - Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist, German field marshal (b. 1881)
* 1967 - Harriet Cohen, English pianist (b. 1895)
* 1973 - Lila Lee, American actress (b. 1901)
* 1974 - Vittorio De Sica, Italian film director (b. 1901)
* 1974 - Karen Silkwood, American activist (b. 1946)
* 1975 - Olga Berggolts, Russian poet (b. 1910)
* 1982 - Hugues Lapointe, French Canadian politician, lieutenant governor of Quebec (b. 1911)
* 1986 - Thierry Le Luron, French humorist (b. 1952)
* 1988 - Antal Dorati, Hungarian conductor (b. 1906)
* 1988 - Jaromír Vejvoda, Czech composer (b. 1902)
* 1989 - Victor Davis, Canadian olympic swimmer (b. 1964)
* 1991 - Paul-Émile Cardinal Léger, archbishop of Montreal (b. 1904)
* 1994 - Motoo Kimura, Japanese geneticist (b. 1924)
* 1996 - Swami Rama, Himalayan yoga master (b. 1925)
* 1996 - Bill Doggett, American pianist and organist (b. 1916)
* 1997 - André Boucourechliev, French composer (b. 1925)
* 1997 - Dawud M. Mu'Min, American convicted murderer (b. 1953)
* 1998 - Michel Trudeau, Canadian outdoorsman, son of Pierre Trudeau (b. 1975)
* 1998 - Edwige Feuillère, French film actress (b. 1907)
* 2003 - Kellie Waymire, American actress (b. 1967)
* 2004 - John Balance, English musician and artist (b. 1962)
* 2004 - Ol' Dirty Bastard, American rapper (b. 1968)
* 2005 - Eddie Guerrero, Mexican-born professional wrestler (b. 1967)
* 2005 - Vine Deloria, Jr., Native American author, theologian, historian, and activist. (b. 1933)

[edit] Holidays and observances

* Roman festivals - Iovis epulum; feast of Feronia
* R.C. Saints - Bricius of Tours; Mother Cabrini; Saint Homobonus

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_13

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